" Our Butterflies Journey with the Old Masters "

  
    

Excerpts from "Brief History of the Papillon" by Rachel D. Kemmerer 

as it appears in the 1963 Papillon Handbook.

  

The origin of the Continental Toy Spaniel, of which the Papillon is the modern representative, can be

traced through the paintings of the Old Masters of every country in Western Europe as far back as the

earliest years of the 16th Century. Beginning about 1500, Vecellio, called Titian, 

painted a number of tiny spaniels, rather similar to the hunting spaniels of the

day.  In this century and the next, dogs – so like the Titian spaniel that it is 

safe to assume this was a pure breed – made their appearance in Spain, 

France and the Low Countries.

  

The continued popularity of the little spaniel in court circles gave the breeders 

a ready market for their dogs.  Evidently they conducted an intensive breeding

program for its refinement.  Over the years it developed finer bone, more

abundant coat and profuse feathering. The most characteristic change,

however, was in the shape of the head.  Titian’s spaniels had relatively flat

heads with little stop ; a type of toy spaniel painted shortly after by Veronese

and others had high-domed, sometimes bulging heads.

Portrait of Clarissa Strozzi ( 1542 ) by : Tiziano ( Titian ) Vecellio - Italian painter ( 1485 - 1576 ) - See the painting in the Gallery !
 
" Aristocratic Girl " / " Girl Blowing Soap Bubbles "  ( 1674 )  by : Pierre Mignard - French Painter ( 1612 - 1695 ) - See the painting in the Gallery !

By the time of Louis XIV, French and Belgian breeders had perfected the type

they sought. Mignard, the official court painter, in his portraits of the child 

Marie de Bourbon, the Dauphin and His Family, and several paintings of Henrietta d’Orleans, shows us a little spaniel that could scarcely be improved upon today. 

 

From Titian through Mignard and his contemporaries, all of the Contintenal Toy

Spaniels had drooping ears.  The ears were set high, although far enough apart 

to show the curve of the skull.  They were of medium size, hanging, as one 

writer has expressed it "lightly".  There may, however, have been an occasional dog with leathers of

sufficient strength for the ears to stand erect.  Two 18th Century paintings suggest this.

         

Our Butterflies Journey with

The Old Masters ( Listed alphabetic )

( The Gallery is listed alphabetically by the Old Masters last name )

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

( Updated : October 06 - 2006 )

        
      
A

Sofonisba Anguissola ( Italian / Woman )

( 1530 - 1625 )
        " Double Portrait of a Lady & Her Dog "  ( year unknown )
        " Thee Children and a dog "  ( 1555 )
        " Isabella Clara Eugenia and Catalina Micaela "  ( 1570 )
 
B
Jacopo Bassano ( Jacopo da Ponte )  ( Italian ) ( 1515 - 1592 )
        " The Purification of the Temple "  ( year unknown )
        " Supper at Emmaus "  ( ca 1538 )
        " The Last Supper "  ( 1542 )
        " St Valentine Baptizing St Lucilla "  ( ca 1575 )
Jan de Baen ( Dutch )  ( 1633 - 1702 )
        " Self-portrait with his wife "  ( 1674 )
        " Portait of a Woman "  ( year unknown )
Nicasius Bernaerts ( Flemish ) ( 1620 - 1678 )
        " Two small dogs "  ( 1643 )
Jacob Bogdani ( Jakab Bogdány ) ( Hungarian ) ( 1660 - 1724 )
        " Still Life "  ( year unknown )
Louis Léopold Boilly ( French ) ( 1761 - 1845 )
        " A Game of Billiards "  ( ca 1807 )
        " The-Shower "  ( 1803-04 )
        " The-galleries-of-the-Royal-palace "  ( 1809 )
        " Playing Children "  ( year unknown )
        " Love Couple "  ( year unknown )
        " The Favorite "  ( year unknown )
François Boucher ( French ) ( 1703 - 1770 )
        " An Autumn Pastoral " ( ca 1749 )
        " The Interrupted Sleep "  ( 1750 )
        " Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour "  ( ca 1750 )
        " Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour "  ( ca 1756 )
        " Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour "  ( ca 1759 )
        " Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour "  ( year unknown )
Consant Joseph Brochart ( French ) ( 1816 - 1899 )
        " A Family in a Summer Villa on Lake Garda "  ( year unknown )
 
C
Joseph Caraud ( French ) ( 1821 - 1905 )
        " Abbe Prevost Reading "Manon Lescaut "  ( 1856 )
        " Sharing the Chocolate "  ( 1872 )
François Clouet ( French )  ( 1510 - 1572 )
        " Hercule François, Duke of Alençon "  ( ca 1556 - 58 )
Giuseppe Maria Crespi ( Italian ) ( 1665 - 1747 )
        " The Flea "  ( 1707 - 09 )
        " Searcher for Fleas "  ( ca 1730 )
 
D
Charles d'Agar ( 1669 - 1723 )
        " Young Girl "  ( 1710 )
François Hubert Drouais ( French ) ( 1727 - 1775 )
        " The Marquis of Sourches and his family "  ( 1756 )
        " Madame de Pompadour "  ( 1763 - 64 )
  
E
David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl ( German )  ( 1628 - 1698 )
        " Queen Hedvig Eleonora "  ( between 1661-75  )
        " Courtisane " with other dogs owned by Queen Hedvig Eleonora " ( 1670 )
        " Dondon "  owned by Queen Hedvig Eleonora " ( 1680 )
        " Count Carl Gustav " of Oxenstierna of Sodermore ( 1688 )
        " Queen Hedvig Eleonoras Spaniels "  ( 1889 )
        " Margareta Juliana Wrangel "  ( year unknown )
        " Portrait of a child "  ( year unknown )
        " Ulrike Eleonoras "  ( year unknown )
        " Children and a dog "  ( year unknown )
Caesar van Everdingen ( Dutch ) ( 1617 - 1678 )
        " Count Willem II of Holland Granting Privileges "  ( 1655 )
 
F
Gaudenzio Ferrari ( Italian ) ( 1475 - 1543 )
        " Crucifixion "  ( 1513 )
Anne Rosalie Filleul ( French / Woman ) ( 1752 - 1794 )
        " The children of the comte d'Artois " ( 1781 )

Lavinia Fontana ( Italian / Woman )

( 1552 - 1614 )
        " Portrait of a Noblewoman " ( 1580 )
        " Portrait of a Lady with a Lapdog " ( ca. 1590 )
        " Portrait of Constanza Alidosi "  ( year unknown )
        " Portrait of a child and a dog "  ( year unknown )
Gerolamo Forabosco ( Italian ) ( 1605 - 1679 )

        " A Portrait of a Lady with a Spaniel "  ( year unknown )

 
G
Thomas Gainsborough ( English ) ( 1727 - 1788 )
       " Queen Charlotte "  ( 1781 )
Marguerite Gérard ( French / Woman ) ( 1761 - 1837 )
       " First steps "  ( year unknown )
       " Prelude to a concert "  ( year unknown )
       " Summer "  ( year unknown )
       " Bad News "  ( year unknown )
       " Two Woman "  ( year unknown )
Francisco de Goya ( Spanish ) ( 1746 - 1828 )
       " Vicente Osoruio De Moscisi "  ( year unknown )
       " Portrait of a Lady with Dog "  ( 1810 )
François Guérin ( French )  ( 1751 - 1791 )
       " Madame de Pompadour and Alexandrine "  ( year unknown )
       " Madame de Pompadour "  ( year unknown )
    
H
Caterina von Hemessen ( Flemish -  Woman ) ( 1527 - 1566 )
        " Portrait of a Lady " ( 1551 )
William Hogart ( British )   ( 1697 - 1764 ) 
        " Captain Woodes Rogers and his Family " ( 1729 )
        " Before " ( 1730 - 31 )
        " After " ( 1730 - 31 )
        " The Jones Family Conversation " ( 1730 )
        " Portrait of a Young Girl " ( 1742 - 45 )
        " The Mackinen Children " ( 1747 )
Pieter de Hooch ( Hoogh / Hooghe) ( Dutch ) ( 1629 - 1684 )
        " Woman drinking with Soldiers " ( ca 1658 )
        " Dutch Family" ( 1662 ) 
Jean-Baptiste Huet ( 1745 - 1811 )
        " The small Favorite " ( 1778 )
 
I
Louis Gabriel Eugène Isabey ( French ) ( 1803 - 1886 )
        " The Love Letter "  ( ca 1853 )
 
J
Gilbert Jackson ( English ) ( active from 1621 - 1642 ) ( unknown )
        " Lady in a red dress "  ( year unknown )
  
K
 
L
Nicolas de Largilliere ( Largillierre ) ( French ) ( 1656 - 1746 )

        " Portrait of Francois & Yves-Joseph-Charles Pommyer " ( 1710 )

        " Louis XIV and his Heirs "  ( 1710 - 15 )
        " Moise Sauve des Eaux "  ( year unknown )
        " La Belle Strasbourgeoise "  ( year unknown )
Pieter Pietersz Lastman ( Dutch ) ( 1583 - 1633 )
        " Odysseus and Nausicaa "  ( 1619 )
Charles Leclercq ( French ) ( ? )
        " Comtesse d'Artois and her three children "  ( 1783 )
 
M

Nicolaes Maes ( Dutch )

( 1634 - 1693 )
        " Portrait of a Lady " ( 1677 )
        " Lady " ( year unknown ) 
Martin van Meytens ( Austrian )  ( 1695 - 1770 )

       " Empress Maria Theresia and Family on the Terrace "

          ( year unknown )

Frans van Mieris ( the elder ) ( Dutch )  ( 1635 - 1681 )
        " Young Woman in the Morning "   ( ca 1660 )
        " The company of animals "   ( 1660 )
        " The interrupted song "   ( 1661 )
        " Lady and her small dog "  ( ca 1662 )
        " Woman Before The Mirror "  ( ca 1670 )
        " The death of Lucrèce "  ( ca 1679 )
        " Musical Company "  ( year unknown )
        " Gentleman and a Lady "  ( year unknown )
Pierre Mignard ( French ) ( 1612 - 1695 )
        " Duchesse d'Orleans "  ( 1649-52 )
        " Duchesse d'Orleans "  ( 1665-70 )
        " Henriette Anne - Duchesse d'Orleans "  ( year unknown )
        " Aristocratic Girl " / " Girl Blowing Soap Bubbles "  ( 1674 )
        " Le Grand Dauphin and Family " ( 1687 )
        " Mademoiselle De Blois "  ( year unknown )
        " Henriette-Anne d'Angleterre, duchesse d'Orléans "  ( year unknown )
Bartolome Esteban Murillo  ( Spanish ) ( 1617 - 1682 )
        " Joseph and Potiphar's Wife "  ( 1660s )
        " The Holy Family "  ( 1650 )
        " Return of the Prodigal Son "  ( La Messe ) ( 1667 - 70 )
 
N
Jean-Marc Nattier ( Nattier le jeune ) ( French ) ( 1685 - 1766 )
        " Madame Adelaide holding a Music-book "  ( year unknown )
        " Madame la Comtesse d'Argenson "  ( 1743 )
Caspar Netscher ( Dutch ) ( 1635 - 1684 )
        " The Card Party "  ( 1660 )
        " The Reading lesson "  ( 1669 )
Constantin Netscher ( Dutch ) ( 1668 - 1723 )
        " Lady with a lapdog "  ( 1690 )
    
O
Jacob Ochtervelt ( Dutch ) ( 1634 - 1682 )
        " De Vischboer "  ( year unknown )
        " Rehearsing the Song "  ( 1634 - 35 )
        " Itinerant Musicians " ( 1660 - 65 ) 
        " A Family Group " ( 1670 ) 
        " The Music Lesson "  ( 1671 )
 
P
Antoine Pesne ( French ) ( 1683 - 1757 )
        " Fredrick Vilhelm II "  ( 1716 )
        " Artist and His Family "  ( ca. 1718 )
        " Queen Sophie Dorothea " ( 1737 )
        " Self-portrait with Daughters "  ( 1754 )
        " The Costume Ball "  ( year unknown )
Jacopo Carucci Pontormo ( Jacopo Carucci ) ( Italian ) ( 1494 - 1557 )
        " Portrait of a Lady in Red "  ( ca 1532 ) 
 
Q
 
R
Domenico Riccio ( 1516 - 1567 )
        " Portrat of a Lady " ( year unknown ) 
Alexandre Roslin ( Swedish ) ( 1718 - 1793 )
        " Comtesse d'Egmont Pignatelli " ( 1763 ) 
Peter Paul Rubens ( Pieter Pauwel Rubens ) ( German )  ( 1577 - 1640 )
        " The Birth of Louis XIII " ( 1601 ) 
        " The Marriage " ( ca 1621 - 25 ) 
        " Thomyris, Queen of the Scythians & the Head of Cyrus " ( 1620 - 25 ) 
  
S
Jean Frédéric Schall ( French )  ( 1752 - 1825 )
        " A Lady with a dog "  ( year unknown )
        " Woman reading a book "  ( year unknown )
        " The Young Musician "  ( year unknown )
Diego Velázquez de Silva ( Spanish ) ( 1599 - 1660 )
        " Infante Felipe Próspero "  ( ca 1660 )
 
T
Gerard Terborch  ( Gerrit ter Borch ) ( Dutch ) ( 1617 - 1681 )
        " The Visit "  ( year unknown )
        " The Letter "  ( 1655 )
        " The Suitor's Visit " ( ca 1658 ) 
        " Woman at Her Toilette "  ( ca 1660 )
        " Woman Reading a Letter "  ( 1660 - 62 )
Abraham ( Lambertsz ) van den Tempel  ( Dutch ) ( 1622 - 1672 ) 
        " Lady with a lapdog " ( 1660 )
        " Merchant to Amsterdam " ( 1671 )
        " Family Group " ( year unknown )
        " Two small dogs in a park " ( year unknown )
Tintoretto - Jacopo Robusti ( Venetian / Italian ) ( 1518 - 1594 )
        " Leda and the Swan "  ( ca 1570 )

Santi di Tito ( Italian ) 

( 1536 - 1602 )
        " A Lady Wearing a White and Gold-Embroidered Dress "  ( year unknown )
 
U
Unknown Old Masters 
        " Catharine Littleton "  ( year unknown )
        " Eleonora, child of Ferdinand I "  ( year unknown )
        " Elizabeth Vernon "  Countess-of-Southampton  ( 1600 )
        " Little dog on a Red Cushion "  ( 18th century )
        " Luise, child of Ferdinand Maria "  ( ca 1665 )
        " Maria Anna, child of Felipe III "  ( year unknown )
        " Maria Anna, child of Ferdinand II "  ( year unknown )
        " Maria Anna, child of Maximilian II "  ( year unknown )
        " Maria Leopoldine, child of Leopold V "  ( year unknown )
        " Maximilian, child of Ferdinand "  ( year unknown )
        " Maximiliane Maria, child of Albrecht V "  ( year unknown )
        " Unknown Lady with a dog " ( year unknown )
        " The family of the Duke of Penthièvre " ( year unknown )
        " Unknown Lady with a lapdog " ( year unknown )
        " Young Girl " ( year unknown )
        " Dwarf Spaniel " ( year unknown )
        " Girl with a lapdog " ( year unknown )
        " Mary I of England and Philip II of Spain " ( year unknown )
        " Lady Arabelle Stuart " ( year unknown )
        " Marie-Antoinette " ( year unknown )

Johan Baptista van Uther ( Dutch ) ( Swedish court painter )

( ? - 1597 )

        " Sigismund III Wasa as child " ( 1568 ) 

 
V

Tiziano Vecellio ( Titian / Titien / Tizian ) ( Italian )

( 1490 - 1576 )

        " Portrait of Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere " ( 1536 - 37 ) 

        " The Venus of Urbino"  ( 1538 )
        " Portrait of Clarissa Strozzi " ( Le Titien ) ( 1542 )
        " Portrait of the Vendramin Family "  ( 1543 )
        " Venus and Cupid with a Partridge "  ( 1550 )
        " Diana and Actaeon "  ( 1559 )
        " The Flaying of Marsyas "  ( 1575-76 )
Eugenio Lucas Velázquez ( Spanish ) ( 1817 - 1870 )
        " Las Meninas ( year unknown ) 
Jan Verkolje  ( Johannes ) ( Dutch ) ( 1650 - 1693 )
        " Portrait of a Lady holding her pet Spaniel ( year unknown ) 
        " Portrait of Margaretha Delff " ( 1674 )
        " Woman Nursing An Infant " ( 1675 )
        " Interruption of Music " ( 1675 )
Paolo Véronèse ( Caliari )  ( Italian ) ( 1528 - 1588 )
        " The Annunciation " ( 1560 )

        " Portrait of a Lady with a dog " ( 1560 - 70 )

        " Madonna with the Famiglia Cuccina " ( 1570 - 72 )

        " Hermes, Herse and Aglauros " ( 1576 - 84 )

        " Livia Colonna " ( 1580 )
        " Mars and Venus with Cupid and a Dog " ( 1580 )
        " Les Pèlerins d'Emmaüs " ( year unknown )
        " Susanna with the elders " ( year unknown )
        " Susanna in the bath " ( year unknown )
   
W

Jean-Antoine Watteau ( French )

( 1684 - 1721 )
        " The seductive one " ( 1712 )
        " La Toilette " ( 1716 )
        " The Embarkation for Cythera "  ( 1717 )
        " The Pleasures of the Ball " ( 1717 )
        " The Music Party " ( ca. 1718 )
        " Concert in the park " ( year unknown )
        " The story teller " ( year unknown )
Adriaen van der Werff  ( Dutch ) ( 1659 - 1722 )
        " Music Lesson " ( year unknown )

Henry Wyatt ( British )

( 1794 - 1840 )
        " Portrait of a Lady "  ( year unknown )
 
Y
Z
           

 The Gallery contains 185 paintings

   

   

  

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